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The Development Strategy adopted by the Oriental Regional Council

The Speech of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, may God assists him, of March 18, 2003 in Oujda, constitutes the cornerstone of a clear and integrated policy of development of the Oriental Region. His Majesty outlined the main lines of the implementation of major structural and strategic projects, which led to the opening up of the Oriental Region and its connection to the rest of Morocco.

These major projects concerned, the new railway line, the widening of several existing roads and the construction of new roads, in addition to other important projects related to different sectors mainly health, air transport, culture, and higher education.

All these projects have been carried out successfully thanks to the joint efforts of all stakeholders, thus gradually reducing inter-regional disparities through a series of equipment and infrastructural projects. However, the requests and demands of the citizens are still growing in all areas. 

In order to reduce infrastructure gaps, to fight against vulnerability and unemployment and to contribute to the human development project launched by His Majesty the King in application of the Constitution, (particularly Article 143 of the Constitution which has given the region a pre-eminent role in relation to other territorial authorities, particularly with regard to the elaboration of the Regional Development Program and the Regional Land Planning Scheme), the Oriental Regional Council was able to identify and assess the needs of the Regions’ population, within the framework of a participatory approach and within the limits of its financial resources, through several visits made by its Office members to different territorial authorities under the prefecture and provinces of the Region. 

Within the same vein, being aware of the extent of its responsibilities and accountabilities regarding the issue of development, the Oriental Regional Council signed at the beginning of its mandate a number of agreements with various partners with a view to promote the social, economic and environmental sectors. The prime objective was therefore to ensure integrated and sustainable development in the Region. These agreements aimed mainly at:

  1. The fight against the rural exodus through an integrated and comprehensive program elaborated in coordination with the presidents of local authorities of the Region. This program aims at opening up the rural world through construction, strengthening and development of roads and tracks as well as the implementation of development projects in the sectors of agriculture, water, electricity, sanitation, sustainable development, reduction of pollution in rural areas and floods protection. 

  2. The promotion and development of the economic, social and environmental sectors in border areas through structuring projects in the sectors of agriculture, roads, water, electricity ... in addition to the fight against the informal economy by supporting income-generating activities.

  3. Supporting health sector through active contribution related to the establishment of hospitals and health centers, the provision of medical equipment and ambulances at the regional and provincial levels aiming at bringing local hospital services closer to citizens, particularly the poor and vulnerable population of the Region.

  4. Development and rehabilitation of communes through the creation of progressive development zones, the development and restructuring of under-equipped centers and neighborhoods, the construction and equipment of local grounds, the creation of socio-sports centers and the provision of covered halls and swimming pools.

  5. The fight against the school drop-out rate and the expansion of public provision of education in the rural areas through the creation of community schools, the creation of community schools, support of the pre-school program in cooperation with the Regional Academy of Education and Training and the provision of school buses for the benefit of local authorities. 

  6. The creation of employment opportunities at the regional level by supporting the entrepreneurial culture among young people and diversifying the training offer in order to meet the requirements of the labor market by setting up vocational training centers, continuing education centers, institutes specialized in applied technology and outreach centers for multidisciplinary vocational training.

  7. Diversifying and bringing the educational offer closer on the basis of equity and equality through the creation of university annexes, the rehabilitation of laboratory infrastructure, and the maintenance and creation of university sports spaces.

  8. Contributing to the promotion of scientific research through the construction and equipment of the research pole and the creation of poles of excellence. 

  9. Developing a participatory regional strategy with regards to key sectors through the launch of an integrated program specialized in the development of tourism in the Oriental Region. Also, they identified tourist areas and thermal sources in the provinces and prefectures of the Region in order to carry out the construction and development of these sources and tourist centers. 

As part of the implementation of the Regional Development Program and the keen willingness expressed to mobilize an important number of development projects, the Oriental Regional Council has signed a set of partnership and cooperation agreements, with various ministerial sectors and public institutions, which made it possible to mobilize significant budgetary envelopes, estimated at 4,818 millions dirhams.

Objectives of the study:

The Regional Development Program (RDP) is a referential document that is considered as a roadmap designated to carry out programmed projects within the territory of the Region. It is based on the following strategic targets:

  • Promote equitable development for the benefit of the entire Region, aiming to create a real solidarity with vulnerable areas,
  • To make the Region a real significant center with high added value,
  • To create a global economic development with a huge positive impact on all citizens of the Region,
  • Contribute to the value of the cultural and natural heritage by ensuring respect for the specificities and particularities of the Region,
  • To make the Region an ecologically responsible territory by developing a protective strategy for the environment and natural resources.
Phases of the Study:

Phase I: Review and update,

Phase II: Regional Development Program and implementation strategy

Phase III: contractualization, partnership and management.

Priorities of the Regional Council within the framework of the RDP

  • The creation of sustainable and long-lasting employment opportunities and the establishment of economic projects aimed at the development of the Region and job creation,
  • The development of basic services and construction of necessary infrastructures, particularly in the rural world.

The overall cost of the implementation of the Regional Development Program (RDP) is 19 billion and 475 million dirhams, including the Oriental Regional Councils’ contribution of 4 billion and 550 million dirhams. The partners of the Oriental Regional Council will mobilize the remainder of the amount, which is estimated at MAD 14.925 billion.

The Regional Development Program (PDR) concerns 21 main projects:

Field Number of sites Cost en MD ORC Contribution in MD Partners’ Contribution in MD
Economic 7 4220 1210 3010
Social 5 4460 950 3510
Environmental  4 2205 300 1905
Horizontal  5 8590 2090 6500
Total  21 475 19 4550 925 14
Objectives of the study:
  • Carry out a territorial and local needs assessment by adopting a participative approach (at local and national level) in order to establish a common and shared vision on different strategic and priority issues of the regional development program,  
  • Define a homogeneous and prospective development vision for the Oriental Region, in an integrated, collective and consultative manner, while identifying the areas of projects and activities that determine the future of the Region,
  •  Work towards a predictable and realistic program of regional work for the services of the State and local authorities in the field of infrastructure and equipment in particular,
  • Encourage the involvement of territorial actors in the implementation of projects through a draft contract between the State and the Region, highlighting the programmatic and institutional aspects of the implementation of the proposed projects.
Phases of the Study:

Preliminary phase:”:

The establishment report"1 month": it concerns the determination of the operational arrangements relating to the intervention of the design office in consultation and coordination with the contracting authority.

The territorial strategic diagnosis "4-month": This involves developing a comprehensive methodology for the development of the region's territorial space, identifying imbalances, constraints, needs and expectations, and highlighting development potentials to reconstruct the territorial space through thematic reports concerning:

  • Human development and regional disparities,
  • Infrastructure, basic services and collective equipment,
  • Local economy and territorial attractiveness,
  • Urban regional structuring and rural, environmental, cultural and living issues,
  • The institutional aspect and governance.

Strategic choices, project areas and programming “04 months”:

During this phase, it is expected to achieve the following objectives:

  • Establish a common and shared development vision by 2045, in consultation with all stakeholders in the Region,
  • Establishment of a general framework for sustainable and homogeneous design of the regional territory that meets development requirements and takes into account the outcomes of the diagnosis drawn up during the previous phase,
  • Reconsider the strategic options proposed within the framework of the Regional Development and Planning Scheme (SDAR) and the Regional Development Program (RDP), while identifying the structuring public infrastructures that would lead the Region towards the expected development dynamic.

The Regional Spatial Planning Scheme (SRAT) and the “3 months” implementation method:

This phase concerns the achievement of the following objectives :

  • The final identification of the project areas,
  • The preparation of the final version of the regional work program specifying the project sheets of the main operations,
  • The preparation of a synthetic map that includes the elements of territorial diagnosis and the development strategy from the project areas,
  • Development of a draft contract between the State and the Region relating to the implementation of projects.
The study results:

The final document of the Regional Spatial Planning Scheme (SRAT) will summarize the outcomes of the diagnosis and present strategic options reflecting the development vision of the regional territory and the project areas.

This summary report constitutes the regional planning and development charter for the Oriental Region. All of these elements will be converted into cartographic support.

Objectives of the study:
  • Carry out a complete analysis of the markets’ characteristics,
  • Identify various issues related to their development,
  • Conduct a field study to diagnose the current state of the market, identifying territorial data, strengths and weaknesses of all markets in order to reach specific options for their development,
  • Define and organize weekly markets' commercial offer,
  • Improve working conditions in the markets,
  • Encourage the agricultural sector and local products in the weekly market,
  • Increase the dynamic of markets' commercial contribution to the benefit of different territorial spaces,
  • Create employment opportunities.
Phases of the study:

The first phase: Diagnosis of the current situation of the most important markets in the Region,

The second phase: Implementation of a modern and unified model for the construction of markets,

The third phase: the rehabilitation program for the markets in all of the Region's territorial spaces.

The methodology used can be summarized as follows:

  • Diagnosis and data collection with statistical processing of collected data,
  • Conducting study field of the markets, including the spatial study, its distribution and specificities, while taking into account the opinions and data of all stakeholders,
  • Data analysis and synthesis,
  • Organization of conclusions and establishment of the Regions’ main markets list,
  • Establish plans to various interventions designated for each market with a determination of their nature such as modernization, restructuring or extension...
  • Prepare and organize the reference documents linked to the market space which set the options for their development,
  • Prepare an initial financial breakdown for specific interventions and works.
The study results:

Prepare an intervention action program for 47 out of 82 weekly markets in the region as a first step. This intervention will be based on an approach that values the complementarity between the increase in commercial activities and the development of emerging poles. This was achieved through selection criteria such as: the unemployment rate in the municipality, demographic growth, the size of the forecast investment, classification and ranking of markets at the Regional level.



Objectives of the study:

Considering the economic weight of tourism and the development potential it represents, the Oriental Regional Council has set up a global strategy answering five main objectives:

  • Make of tourism an engine of growth in the Region,
  • Stimulate and support viable and marketable projects that generate direct and indirect employment opportunities and create benefit,
  • Enhance regional wealth,
  • Increase the notoriety of the Region,
  • Extend the length of tourist stays.
Phases of the study:

The first phase: Analysis of the tourist territory of the Oriental Region: Definition of tourist qualifications, diagnosis of specific tourist products and definition of spas tourist qualifications in the Region.

The second phase: Tourism planning and development strategy: Presentation of the tourism development strategy and definition of its technical and financial structure,

The third phase: Operating mode and marketing strategy: implementation of the strategy and definition of an action plan for tourism sectors’ revival.

The study results:

Among 32 tourist sites in the Region covered by the study, 9 tourist sites were identified by a prior intervention program with a total cost of 457 million dirhams. The sites concerned are as follows:

  • Promotion of the oasis of Figuig,
  • Promotion of the Debdou tourist site,
  • Development and enhancement of the Gafait tourist site,
  • Development of ecotourism in Ain Almu and Tafoughalt,
  • Development and improvement of the Mohammed V dam site,
  • Development and improvement of the Cap de l'eau tourist site,
  • Development of ecotourism at the Boudinar tourist site,
  • Promotion of the Barkine tourist site,
  • Promotion of the thermal spa of Fezwan.
The Objectives of the study:

The aim of the study is to improve sanitary conditions and strengthen environmental protection, in particular via the resources and technical equipment necessary to connect to liquid sanitation, taking into consideration the equipment available on the one hand, and the specificities of local authorities and douars on the other.

The Oriental Regional Council has proactively developed a regional strategy for liquid sanitation in the rural world through various methods and techniques for collecting, treating and reusing wastewater.

Phases of the study:

The study has been conducted over four phases:

The first Phase: Diagnosis of the current situation of liquid sanitation in the Region,
The second Phase: Development of a regional strategy for the sanitation of rural centers,
The third Phase: Development of a Global Action Plan,
The fourth Phase: Establishment of detailed pre-projects and business consultation files relating to the priority program.

The study results:

The comprehensive action plan for liquid sanitation of household wastewater for rural areas:

  • The mapping of the targeted centers, the type of sanitation, the planned treatment operation and the projects to be carried out,
  • The estimated data and the planned costs of the work to be carried out,
  • The organizational and management study of these projects,
  • The proposal for the financial package for the implementation of the planned projects in partnership with the various stakeholders.

Preliminary work plan:

  • Proposal of a sanitation action plan for short, medium and long-term period.
The Objectives of the Study:

The objective of this mission is to support the Council of the Oriental Region in the design and implementation of monitoring tools and preparation of reports necessary for the implementation of programs and projects subject to the Regional Development Program (RDP).

Phases the study:

The first phase: assess the current situation and design a project management program (PMO),

The second phase: structure and support the implementation of targeted programs and projects,

The third phase: Draw up a review of the achievements and update the roadmap of the Oriental Regional Council.

The study results:
  • Report on the assessment of the current situation and the analysis of programs and projects,
  • Detailed report on the design, implementation and animation of the Project Management Office (PMO),
  • Monthly reports on restructuring and assistance in the implementation of targeted programs and projects,
  • Develop a scheme for the transfer of knowledge and its sustainability within the Council of the Oriental Region,
  • Stock of the achievements of the various work plans,
  • Update of the roadmap of the Council of the Region.

The Oriental Region

جهة الشرق

  • Boulevard Son Altesse Royale Le Prince Héritier Moulay El Hassan - Oujda

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