The Region is accountable, within the framework of its territorial circle, for organizing, coordinating and following integrated and sustainable development projects, mainly with regard to, improving the territorial attractiveness and strengthening the economic competitiveness of the Region.
The Region is also entrusted a myriad of other responsibilities including but not limited to: Adopting encouraging procedures for enterprises, accelerating the implementation of wealth and employment-generating activities, optimising the use and development of natural resources, improving human resource management capacity and training, and overall contributing to the sustainable development of the Region while taking into consideration the general and sectorial policies and strategies of the Kingdom.
To this end, and in accordance with the provisions of Article 140 of the constitution, the Region exercises three categories of competences, which are: Own, Shared and Transferred competences that are based on the principles of subsidiarity. While the article N °141 of the same legislation stipulates that the constitution provides Regions and other territorial entities with their own financial resources. Additional resources are allocated by the state but require the beneficiaries to accompany each transfer by the corresponding resources.
In order to reduce disparity between Regions and fill in the gap in the arenas of human development, basic infrastructure and equipment, a social rehabilitation and a solidarity allocation fund has been created by the constitution for the benefit of the Regions within a specified period of time.
Region's Own Competences
The Region exercises its own competences in the field of Regional Development. It is also responsible for the development and monitoring of the implementation of the Regional Development Program and the Regional Spatial Planning Scheme.
- Regional Development : Economic development, professional training and employment, rural development, transport, culture, environment, international cooperation.
- Spatial Planning : Establishment, monitoring and execution of the Regional Planning Scheme (SRAT).
Region's Shared Competences
The Competences shared between the State and the Region are found to be effective in their joint practice. These are implemented on a contractual basis, either at the initiative of the State or at the request of the Region. The Shared Competences concern:
- Economic Development : improving territorial attractiveness, strengthening competitiveness, sustainable development, employment and applied scientific research.
- Rural Development : promotion of rural areas, development of mountain areas and creation of agricultural poles, Electrification and drinking water supply to remote villages.
- Social Development : of social housing, sport and entertainment, promotion and social assistance.
- Environment : preservation of natural resources, biodiversity, the fight against pollution and deforestation, the conservation of protected areas, the ecosystem and water resources.
- Culture : maintaining the heritage of the Region and its local culture, preserving antiquities, supporting regional characteristics and establishing cultural institutions.
- Tourism : promoting tourism sector.
Region's Transferred Competences
They include those transferred from the State to the Region, which allows the gradual expansion of the Region’s own competences.
The areas of Transferred-Competences from the State to the Region are specified based on the principles of Subsidiarity, they include in particular:
- Equipment and infrastructure with a systemic industry dimension,
- Energy, Water and the Environment.